3.1 When UK citizens become third-country nationals will they need permission to work?
Permission to work will not be required until 1 January 2021.
However, in a no-deal scenario, EEA/Swiss citizens who arrive after the date of exit and intend to remain in the UK for longer than three months must apply within three months of their arrival for European Temporary Leave to remain. This will be valid for 36 months from the date of application.
3.2 If permission to work is needed do any quotas apply for employing third-country nationals?
The UK currently has a quota of 20,700 places for entry under Tier 2 (General) however it is proposed for this to be abolished from 1 January 2021 when the UK’s post-Brexit immigration system is due to be brought into effect.
3.3 If permission to work is needed, as of when will it be needed?
From 1 January 2021.
3.4 If permission to work is needed, what are the most common categories?
The immigration categories and their requirements are due to be amended under the post-Brexit immigration system, however the current categories are:
- Tier 2 (IntraCompany Transfer)
- Tier 2 (General)
- Tier 5 (Temporary Worker)
3.5 If permission to work or stay is needed, how long does the procedure take?
The requirements for sponsorship are due to be reviewed under the post-Brexit immigration system, however under current arrangements, the employer must hold a licence under the relevant category in order to sponsor a worker. This normally takes 6 to 12 weeks from the date the application is submitted.
The application process for the individual normally takes between two to four weeks (depending on the country of application) and requires the following steps:
- being issued with a certificate of sponsorship by the employer
- making a visa application
- being issued with a biometric residence permit
The Government has indicated that it will look to reduce processing times under the new system.
3.6 If permission to work and stay is needed, what Government fees would be due for such a permission?
The fees that will apply are not currently known, however as an indication, the current government fees for a five-year visa under Tier 2 amount to GBP 8,419. This includes an application fee and payment of an immigration health surcharge and immigration skills charge. Fees for services provided at a UK Visa Application Centre are in addition.