1.1 Has any guidance already been issued in relation to Brexit, for example on residence or work permits in the event of a no-deal Brexit?
Romania has not yet issued contingency rules that would apply in the event of a no-deal Brexit. As per informal discussions with representatives of the immigration authorities, it appears there has been communication between the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on this topic, but there may be no official conclusions or information published until it is known whether the UK will be leaving the EU with no deal.
Recently, a post on the immigration authority website provided the following information:
‘Throughout the Brexit process, the European Union's objective, as set out in the Guidelines adopted by the European Council on 29 April 2017 and in the Conclusions adopted at its subsequent meetings, was to protect the legitimate choices and expectations of EU citizens in the UK and UK nationals in EU countries, by protecting their right to reside, to work, and to study in the host country. The strategy proposed by the European Commission in this area aims at adopting by the EU 27 Member States a generous approach to UK nationals already residing in their territory with the purpose of ensuring mutual treatment of EU citizens in the UK inclusive.
Since Romania has always placed citizens first and therefore, has opted for a favorable approach to the rights of UK residents residing in its territory, their rights will be extended beyond 29 March 2019, but temporarily until 31 December 2019. In conclusion, nothing is going to change for British citizens already living on Romanian territory at the time of the UK's withdrawal from the EU.
Thus, in order to maintain the rights of British citizens who have exercised their right to free movement in Romania before the date of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU, a normative act aimed at regulating the regime applicable to UK nationals and to their family members after the UK's withdrawal from the EU without an agreement will be drafted.
British citizens arriving in Romania after the date of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU will be subject to the provisions of the national legislation regarding the status of third country nationals.
This information will be continuously updated, depending on the evolution of the matter, with relevant news to be provided to British citizens and their family members.’
As a side comment, national legislation regarding the status of third-country nationals indicates as a general rule that foreigners require work and residence permits to work and live in Romania, with or without the obligation to secure a long stay visa for work (depending upon citizenship), following the issuance of the work permit.